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Bialgebraic Structures and Smarandache Bialgebraic Structures

By: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy

The study of bialgebraic structures started very recently. Till date there are no books solely dealing with bistructures. The study of bigroups was carried out in 1994-1996. Further research on bigroups and fuzzy bigroups was published in 1998. In the year 1999, bivector spaces was introduced. In 2001, concept of free De Morgan bisemigroups and bisemilattices was studied. It is said by Zoltan Esik that these bialgebraic structures like bigroupoids, bisemigroups, binear r...

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Smarandache Non-Associative Rings

By: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy

An associative ring is just realized or built using reals or complex; finite or infinite by defining two binary operations on it. But on the contrary when we want to define or study or even introduce a non-associative ring we need two separate algebraic structures say a commutative ring with 1 (or a field) together with a loop or a groupoid or a vector space or a linear algebra. The two non-associative well-known algebras viz. Lie algebras and Jordan algebras are mainly ...

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Smarandache Near-Rings

By: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy

Near-rings are one of the generalized structures of rings. The study and research on near-rings is very systematic and continuous. Near-ring newsletters containing complete and updated bibliography on the subject are published periodically by a team of mathematicians (Editors: Yuen Fong, Alan Oswald, Gunter Pilz and K. C. Smith) with financial assistance from the National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. These newsletters give an overall picture of the research carried out...

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Smarandache Rings

By: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy

Over the past 25 years, I have been immersed in research in Algebra and more particularly in ring theory. I embarked on writing this book on Smarandache rings (Srings) specially to motivate both ring theorists and Smarandache algebraists to develop and study several important and innovative properties about S-rings. Writing this book essentially involved a good deal of reference work. As a researcher, I felt that it will be a great deal better if we thrust importance on ...

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Frate Cu Meridianele Si Paralelele, Vol. 2

By: Florentin Smarandache

Vizitam mina Queen din oraselul asezat între dealuri, dar cochet, Bisbee. N-am stiut ca pe la începutul secolului Bisbee era cea mai mare localitate din Arizona (datorita mineritului). Mergem cu masina lui Ely, MAZDA ’84 – are deja peste 120.000 de mile la bord. Mina Queen a fost deschisa în 1917, în 1920 electrificata, în 1941 închisa, iar în 1975 refacuta pentru turisti. E grea viata sub pamânt! Nesigura, umezeala, întuneric. Intram la 500 de picioare adâncime pe o lun...

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Frate Cu Meridianele Si Paralelele, Vol. 1

By: Florentin Smarandache

L-am cunoscut în 4 ianuarie 2003 pe paradoxalul paradoxist Florentin Smarandache (nascut în Balcesti, Vâlcea, la 10 decembrie 1954) la întâlnirea organizata de colegii sai de la Liceul Pedagogic Râmnicu Vâlcea si desfasurata în mod mai mult sau mai putin paradoxal la Liceul de Arta Râmnicu Vâlcea. Venise în vacanta de Craciun acasa, la Balcesti. Facuse o calatorie lunga, tocmai de dincolo de Ocean, din SUA, de la Universitatea “New Mexico” din orasul Gallup, statul New M...

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Formules Pour L' Esprit

By: Florentin Smarandache

Les poemcs d'Ovidiu Florentin*, de sa plaquette ... Formuk::i pour I'esprit ,. (editura Litera, Bucuresti, 1981), .. bleus comme I'heure et tendres comme I:l timidite, assaillis de quietude et vaincus d'appels" _ ainsi qu'ji Ie declare: dans !:lno ars poetica d'ouverture : .. Avant Ie propos" -, ayanc quelques "vers herboux, grandis dans Ie duvet ouate d 'un songe ", "au corps vert comme la vie, aux yeux bleus comme I'esperance", .. plus pure que Ia sante" - tel qu'il no...

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Formule Pentru Spirit

By: Florentin Smarandache

Pe strunele Limbii de foc ne topim ca 0 ghitara. Sonore litere-n ceasloave infloresc, ~i alunecam de vii printre inalte pagini ... Himerele ne vin, o~tire, ca 0 domestica rana in fluidul suflet. Somnul se sfarma in tandari dulci de vise, cum lemnele pe jar. In simboluri dilatam poema (~i 0 stringem), iar metafora deschide 0 fereastra navalind de soare. Slova-~i culca viata pe hirtie: idei care 0 sug ea pe 0 muma, imagini verticale -la capat aprinse ca firmele electrice, ...

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Fat Frumox Din Lacrima de Paradox”

By: Florentin Smarandache

Pâna în 1984, când publica a doua editie a volumului „Le sens du non-sens”, în limba franceza, la Fés, în Maroc (prima tot în Maroc, 1983), Florentin Smarandache îsi cioplise deja câteva pietre pentru templul sau: „L’heure de la planète”, 1980, Craiova, „Formules pour l’esprit”, 1981, Bucuresti, „Problèmes avec et sans …problèmes”, 1983, Fés, Maroc (în limba franceza). Eugen Ionescu, citind volumul „Le sens du non-sens” în manuscris, l-a gasit interesant: „J’ai bien reçu...

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Fanatico

By: Florentin Smarandache

Da-me licen~a para morrer! Porque cheguei aver que nao se pode ver. Tenho vinte e quatro anos ou oitenta? Ja fiz 0 ultimo inverno, o outono de minha vida. Da-me licen~a para morrer! Porque tenho vergonha de declarar que sou poeta. N Eu formo a deforma~ao da lingua!

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Prin Albe Si Clasice Epii Tarzii

By: Florentin Smarandache

These are a collection of poems compiled by the author, Florentin Smarandache.

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Emigrant la Infinit

By: Florentin Smarandache

fI cunosc de mai bine de un deceniu $i Ii cunosc $i carJile sale, fn manuscris, sau publicate $i cred ca aceasta noua carte, "Emigrant la infinit", versuri americane, consolideaza 0 opera Iiterara $i un destin, Evoluand Intr-o literatura care, pe langa Eminescu $i 8laga, a dat lumii $i pe Urmuz, Tristan Tzara, Isidore fsou sau Eugen lonescu, Florentin Smarandache I$i revendica 0 tradijie moderna pe care 0 continua $i 0 Itnbogaje$te pe masura talentului sau.

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Paradoksisticki Dvostihovi

By: Florentin Smarandache

Paradoksisticki Dvostih je saCinjen od dva suprotstavljena stiha koji se sjedinjuju u celinu, definisuci (iii cineci vezu) sa naslovom Po pravilu, drugi stih negira prvi sadrzavajuci pojam sintagmu), suprotnu ideju (antinomsku, antagonisticku)

iii recnik antonima i recnik sinonima, pa pravite egzibicije po pojmovima (sintagmama) protivrecnim izrazima, homogenizujuci heterogene elemente; birajte odgovarajuce naslove i udite u paradoksizam.

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Destin

By: Florentin Smarandache

Stadionul (Central) din Craiova ... Timp excelent ... Aproximativ 50000 de spectatori, veniti ~i din comunele inveeinate ... . Grupuri-grupuri de ehibiti se-ndreapta spre tribune Ie arhipline, eu table la subrat, earti de joe ~i cate-o sticla de yin aseunsa pe sub haine, prin saeo~e. Multimea s-a a~ezat pe seari, s-a ureat pe blocurile din apropiere, pe tabela de marcaj, pe sterna.

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Creionari Facute Cu Pixu

By: Florentin Smarandache

* Un somer a fost acuzat de abuz în serviciu. * Daca au vazut ca nu pot câstiga meciul nici în ruptul capului, au început cu ruptul picioarelor. * Au fost invitati la masa în acelasi timp: unul – la masa de prânz, si celalalt – la masa de operatie. * Pesimistul sta în eclipsa, optimistul – cu ochii în soare, iar realistul sta sub umbrela. * La capatul aceluiasi drum, pe unu-l astepta succesul, iar pe celalalt – esecul. Mersesera în sens diferit.

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The Vatican Conspiracy

By: Jonathan Cross

The Pope receives a vision that includes the names of four men: a U.S. Senator, a covert military intelligence agent, a priest from a small parish, and the head of the Italian mafia. These men form an alliance to eliminate the drug cartels of the world to save the children of the future against the backdrop of political power struggle.

Pope Francis lithely entered into the small chapel next to his private quarters. The dark chapel was dimly lit by a row of flickering votive candles that cast a soothing splay of shadows across the ancient altar. The Pope knelt his thin, angular body before it; his white cassock cascaded across the red, soft cushion. He gently entwined the ebony rosary beads between his fingers, crossed himself in the supplicant tradition, and kissed the crucifix as he closed his eyes a...

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The Public Domain : Enclosing the Commons of the Mind

By: James Boyle

Our music, our culture, our science, and our economic welfare all depend on a delicate balance between those ideas that are controlled and those that are free, between intellectual property and the public domain. In The Public Domain: Enclosing the Commons of the Mind (Yale University Press) James Boyle introduces readers to the idea of the public domain and describes how it is being tragically eroded by our current copyright, patent, and trademark laws. In a series of f...

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La Retraite Sentimentale

By: Colette

Excerpt: I; PROLOGUE Renaud, vous savez ce que c?est que ‡a? Il se d‚tourne … demi, son journal sur les genoux; sa main gauche ‚cart‚e tient une cigarette, le petit doigt en l?air, comme une mondaine tiendrait un sandwich? Oh! Renaud, gardez la pose une minute! C?est celle du ® litt‚rateur mondain ¯ tel que le repr‚sente sa plus r‚cente photographie dans Femina? Mais devinez ce que j?ai l…? Il regarde de loin, les sourcils fronc‚s, le petit chiffon que j?agite en l?air...

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Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation (Series Report)

Excerpt: OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATION Brian Costlow ME-40

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Oficina para Derechos Civiles Departmento de Educacion

By: U.S. Department of Education

Excerpt: Este formulario es opcional. Se puede mandar una carta con semejante informacion a la Oficina Para Derechos Civiles. En todas las presentaciones de quejas se debera suministrar la informacion requerida en los puntos 1 a 5.

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