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Public Economics


Public economics (or economics of the public sector) is the study of economic issues concerning the public sector (including government) and its interface with the private sector (including households, businesses, and markets) in a mixed economy. It has been described as an amalgam of two older fields, (applied) public finance and welfare economics, each edging toward disrepute, to the benefit of both.

 
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Census Reports Eleventh Census : 1890

By: United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890; Porter, Robert P. (Robert Percival), 1852-1917; Wright, Carroll Davidson, 1840-1909

: Department of the interior. Census office ; Robert P. Porter, superintendent, appointed April 20, 1889; resigned July 31, 1893. Carroll D. Wright, commissioner of labor in charge, appointed October 5, 1893 ; Published also as pts. 1, 4, 7, 14-15, 17-18, 20-26, 28 of House mis. doc. 340, 52d Cong., 1st sess. The Compendium (3 vols.) was published as pt. 6, Report on education as pt. 9, and the Statistical atlas as pt. 29 of this document ; [v. 1] Population. 1895-97. 2 ...

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Modelling the Contribution of Short-range Atmospheric and Hydrolog...

By: S. Duretz; P. Cellier; P. Durand; J.-l. Drouet

Description: INRA-AgroParisTech, UMR 1091 Environnement et Grandes Cultures (EGC), 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France. Spatial interactions within a landscape may lead to large inputs of reactive nitrogen (Nr) transferred from cultivated areas and farms to oligotrophic ecosystems and induce environmental threats such as acidification, nitric pollution or eutrophication of protected areas. The paper presents a new methodology to estimate Nr fluxes a...

Arnold, J. G., Srinivasan, R., Muttiah, R. S., and Williams, J. R.: Large area hydrologic modelling and assessment Part I: Model development, J. American Water Resour. Assoc., 34, 73–89, 1998.; Beaujouan, V., Durand, P., and Ruiz, L.: Modelling the effect of the spatial distribution of agricultural practices on nitrogen fluxes in rural catchments, Ecol. Model., 137, 93–105, 2001.; Beaujouan, V., Durand, P., Ruiz, L., Aurousseau, P., and Cotteret, G.: A hydrological model...

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Influence of Short-term Transfers on Nitrogen Fluxes, Budgets and ...

By: J.-l. Drouet; P. Durand; P. Cellier; S. Duretz

Description: INRA-AgroParisTech, UMR1091 Environnement et Grandes Cultures (EGC), 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France. Spatial interactions at short-term may lead to large inputs of reactive nitrogen (Nr) to oligotrophic ecosystems and induce environmental threats such as additional N2O emissions and global warming. The paper presents a new methodology to estimate Nr fluxes, especially additional N2O emissions, at the landscape...

Arnold, J. G., Srinivasan, R., Muttiah, R. S., and Williams, J. R.: Large area hydrologic modelling and assessment Part I: Model development, J. Am. Water Resour. As., 34, 73–89, 1998.; Beven, K.: TOPMODEL: A critique, Hydrol. Process., 11, 1069–1085, 1997.; Beaujouan, V., Durand, P., and Ruiz, L.: Modelling the effect of the spatial distribution of agricultural practices on nitrogen fluxes in rural catchments, Ecol. Model., 137, 93–105, 2001.; Beaujouan, V., Durand, P.,...

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Droughts in the Czech Lands, 1090–2012 Ad : Volume 9, Issue 4 (20/...

By: O. Kotyza; P. Dobrovolný; M. Trnka; H. Valášek; R. Brázdil; L. Řezníčková; P. Zahradníček; P. Štěpánek

Description: Institute of Geography, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. This paper addresses droughts in the Czech Lands in the 1090–2012 AD period, basing its findings on documentary evidence and instrumental records. Various documentary sources were employed for the selection of drought events, which were then interpreted at a monthly level. While the data on droughts before 1500 AD are scarce, the analysis concentrated mainly on droughts after this time. A...

Berger, K.: Geschichte der Stadt Bärn, Deutscher Verein für die Geschichte Mährens und Schlesiens, Verlag des Vereins, Brünn, 320 pp., 1901.; Brázdil, R. and Kotyza, O.: History of Weather and Climate in the Czech Lands I: Period 1000–1500, Zürcher Geographische Schriften 62, Zürich, 260 pp., 1995.; Bradley, R. S.: Paleoclimatology. Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary, Academic Press, San Diego, London, Boston, New York, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, 610 pp., 1999.; Bráz...

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Rapid Evaluation of Water Supply Project Feasibility in Kolkata, I...

By: B. Thakur; K. Dutta Roy; T. S. Konar; S. N. Chakrabarty

Description: Kolkata Metropolitan Water and Sanitation Authority, Kolkata, India. Mega cities in developing countries are mostly dependent on external funding for improving the civic infrastructures like water supply. International and sometimes national agencies stipulate financial justifications for infrastructure funding. Expansion of drinking water network with external funding therefore requires explicit economic estimates. A methodology suitable for local cond...

Majumdar, C.: Water provision and taxation; a case study of kolkata, PhD Thesis, Jadavpur university, Kolkata, 2008.; Adeli, H.: Neural Networks in Civil Engineering: 1989–2000, Comput.-Aided Civ. Inf., 16, 126–142, 2001.; Adeli, H. and Wu, M.: Regularization Neural Network for Construction Cost estimation, J. Constr. Eng.-ASCE, 124, 1, 18–24, 1998.; Agudelo, J.: The Economic Valuation of Water Principles and Methods, Value of Water Research Rep. Series No. 5, \ http://w...

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The Nexus Land-use Model Version 1.0, an Approach Articulating Bi...

By: B. Dorin; P. Dumas; T. Brunelle; F. Souty; P. Ciais; C. Müller; A. Bondeau; R. Crassous

Description: Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement, Nogent-sur-Marne, France. Interactions between food demand, biomass energy and forest preservation are driving both food prices and land-use changes, regionally and globally. This study presents a new model called Nexus Land-Use version 1.0 which describes these interactions through a generic representation of agricultural intensification mechanisms within agricultural lands. Th...

Heistermann, M., M{ü}ller, C., and Ronneberger, K.: Land in sight? Achievements, deficits and potentials of continental to global scale land-use modeling, Agriculture, Ecosyst. Environ., 114, 141–158, 2006.; Izaurralde, R., Williams, J., McGill, W., Rosenberg, N., and Jakas, M. Q.: Simulating soil C dynamics with EPIC: Model description and testing against long-term data, Ecol. Modell., 192, 362–384, doi:10.1016/j...

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Relationships Between Environmental Governance and Water Quality i...

By: N. R. Netusil; S. M. Bollens; P. Thiers; J. A. Yeakley; H. Chang; G. Rollwagen-bollens; S. Singh

Description: Department of Geography, Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA. We investigate relationships between environmental governance and water quality in two adjacent growing metropolitan areas in the western US. While the Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington metro areas share many common biophysical characteristics, they have different land development histories and water governance structures, providing a unique opportunity for examining how dif...

Abbot, C., Howe, D. A., and Adler, S.: Planning the Oregon way: a twenty year evaluation. Oregon State Univ. Press, Corvallis, OR, 1994.; Allen, J. D.: Stream ecology: Structure and function of running waters, Chapman & Hall, New York, 1995.; Bin, O. and Czajkowski, J.: The Impact of Technical and Non-technical Measures of Water Quality on Coastal Waterfront Property Values in South Florida, Mar. Resour. Econ., 28, 43–63, 2013.; Boeder, M. and Chang, H.: Multi-scale anal...

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Moving Sociohydrology Forward: a Synthesis Across Studies : Volume...

By: M. Konar; S. Thompson; V. Srinivasan; T. J. Troy

Description: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Lehigh University, STEPS 9A, 1 W. Packer Ave, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA. Sociohydrology is the study of coupled human–water systems, building on the premise that water and human systems co-evolve: the state of the water system feeds back onto the human system, and vice versa, a situation denoted as two-way coupling. A recent special issue in HESS/ESD, Predictions under change: water, earth, and biota in t...

Ahlers, R., Brandimarte, L., Kleemans, I., and Sadat, S. H.: Ambitious development on fragile foundations: Criticalities of current large dam construction in Afghanistan, 54, 49–58, doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2014.03.004, 2014.; Angrist, J. D. and Pischke, J.-S.: Mostly Harmless Econometrics: An Empiricist's Companion, 1st Edn., Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2009.; Brádzil, R. and Kundzewicz, Z. W.: Hi...

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Relationships Between Environmental Governance and Water Quality i...

By: J. A. Yeakley; P. Thiers; N. R. Netusil; S. Singh; H. Chang; G. Rollwagen-bollens; S. M. Bollens

Description: Department of Geography, Portland State University, 1721 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97207-0751, USA. We investigate relationships between environmental governance and water quality in two adjacent, growing metropolitan areas in the western US. While the Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington metro areas share many biophysical characteristics, they have different land development histories and water governance structures, providing a unique opportuni...

Abbot, C., Howe, D. A., and Adler, S.: Planning the Oregon way: a twenty year evaluation, Oregon State Univ. Press, Corvalis, OR, 1994.; Bunch, M. J., Morrison, K. E., Parkes, M. W., and Venema, H. D.: Promoting health and well-being by managing for social-ecological resilience: the potential of integrating ecohealth and water resources management approaches, Ecol. Soc., 16, http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/...

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Moving Sociohydrology Forward: a Synthesis Across Studies : Volume...

By: V. Srinivasan; M. Konar; T. J. Troy; S. Thompson

Description: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Lehigh University, STEPS 9A,1 W. Packer Ave, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA. Sociohydrology is the study of coupled human–water systems with the premise that water and human systems co-evolve, often with two-way coupling. A recent special issue in HESS/ESD, Predictions under change: water, earth, and biota in the Anthropocene, includes a number of sociohydrologic publications that allow for a survey of the cur...

Angrist, J. D. and Pischke, J.-S.: Mostly Harmless Econometrics: An Empiricist's Companion, 1st Edn., Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA, 2009.; Brázdil, R. and Kundzewicz, Z. W.: Historical hydrology, Hydrolog. Sci. J., 51, 733–738, doi:10.1623/hysj.51.5.733, 2006.; Brázdil, R., Chromá, K., Valášek, H., and Dolák, L.: Hydrometeorological extremes derived from taxation records for south-eastern Moravia, Czec...

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Review Article Valuating the Intangible Effects of Natural Hazards...

By: V. Markantonis; R. Schwarze; V. Meyer

Description: Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Department of Economics, Leipzig, Germany. The intangible or non-market effects are those costs of natural hazards which are not, or at least not easily measurable in monetary terms, as for example, impacts on health, cultural heritage or the environment. The intangible effects are often not included in costs assessments of natural hazards leading to an incomplete and biased cost assessment. However, se...

Adis, J. and Junk, W. J.: Terrestrial invertebrates inhabiting lowland river floodplains of Central Amazonia and Central Europe: a review, Freshwater Biology, 47, 711–731, 2002.; Arrow, K., Solow, R., Portney, P., Leamer, E., Radner, R., and Schuman, H.: Report of the NOAA Panel on Contingent Valuation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, 1993.; Birol, E., Karousakis, K., and Koundouri, P.: Using economic valuation techniques to inform water reso...

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New Englander and Yale Review : Volume 0039, Issue 156 May 1880: Y...

By: W. L. Kingsley

Description:The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. It is published by Yale University.

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The Century : a Popular Quarterly : Volume 0040, Issue 2 June 1890...

By: The Century Company

Description: The Century Magazine was first published in the United States in 1881 by The Century Company of New York City as a successor to Scribner's Monthly Magazine.

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The Continental Monthly : Devoted to Literature and National Polic...

By: J.R. Gilmore

Description: The Century Magazine was first published in the United States in 1881 by The Century Company of New York City as a successor to Scribner's Monthly Magazine.

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The Living Age : Volume 0001, Issue 6, June 22, 1844: Littell's li...

By: The Living Age Company

Description: Littell's Living Age (also known simply as The Living Age) was an American general magazine largely consisting of selections from various English and American magazines and newspapers. It was published weekly, for the most part.

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Hiv/Aids Profile : Vietnam

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Word/Expression in English In Language Transliteration Back Translation (literal translation) Census Kev Suav Pej Xeem Gay shoua bay seng Numbering Residents This is your future. Don?t leave it blank. Nov yog koj lub caij yav tom ntej. Txhob tso nws tseg. Nah yaw gah lew jai yeah dah ndey. Saw jaw nou jey. This is your period of time in the future. Don?t throw it away. Form (as in Census 2000 form) Daim Ntawv Die nder. Piece of paper The money will be distribute...

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Hiv/Aids Profile : Zambia

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Word/Expression in English In Language Transliteration Back Translation (literal translation) Census Kev Suav Pej Xeem Gay shoua bay seng Numbering Residents This is your future. Don?t leave it blank. Nov yog koj lub caij yav tom ntej. Txhob tso nws tseg. Nah yaw gah lew jai yeah dah ndey. Saw jaw nou jey. This is your period of time in the future. Don?t throw it away. Form (as in Census 2000 form) Daim Ntawv Die nder. Piece of paper The money will be distribute...

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The Sixteenth Annual Edward H. Young Lecture : A Bicentennial View...

By: Donald N. Zillman

Legal Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Judge General's Corps has been fortunate to hove a series of outstanding officers and attorneys leading the Corps through the years.

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 : Issue 9275122881: Equity H...

By: George A. O. Alleyne

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION In October 1999, PAHO held its first Organization-wide technical discussion of equity, sharing perspectives developed by different Organizational divisions and among those working at the country level. This publication includes the presentations made at that meeting and is intended to provide a broad basis for discussion as well as to stimulate future thought. The collection stands as an initial effort to interpret the concept of equity for application to th...

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World Health Organization Publication : 9241590114: Mobilization o...

By: Jeffrey D. Sachs

Medical Reference Publication

The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (CMH) was launched in January 2000 by Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of the World Health Organization. Its mission was to analyse the impact of health on development and to examine ways in which health-related investments could spur economic development. The Commission worked to develop specific recommendations that would save lives, reduce poverty, and spur economic growth through a scaling up of investments in the...

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