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Cartels, Concerns and Trusts

By Liefmann, Robert, Dr.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000698915
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.16 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Cartels, Concerns and Trusts  
Author: Liefmann, Robert, Dr.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Political science., Economics and literature, Economic & political studies series
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Archive for the History of Economic Thought

Citation

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Liefmann, D. R. (n.d.). Cartels, Concerns and Trusts. Retrieved from http://community.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Economic Theory Literature

Excerpt
Introduction: This volume makes available to English readers the best-known and most frequently quoted study of industrial combination from the German point of view. There is an abundance of literature on the trusts, from economists who have lived close to that evolution, and the trusts, by their more challenging position, were for two decades the centre of the discussion which turned on what in industry was safe for democracy. Meanwhile, in Germany, the alternative of the cartel was having a less-noticed and controversial development, until in Westphalia there was created, out of lower forms, a working model which was new and unique in the manner in which it related producers to each other and to the market. In only a few industries has this model been fully established; but it presents a rival type to the trusts, and places the problem of combination on a different basis of analysis and tendency. The distinction between these two forms may be a matter of industries, or of national law and psychology; or they may work together, the cartel being the general envelope within which fusions are created. The types are nevertheless distinct, so much so that ?rationalization,? as a general term, rather denotes than defines them both. In America, the cartel is illegal, so that industry has sought its administrative solution in fusions; in England trusts and cartels coexist; in Germany, they are interlaced, great trusts having their feet in one cartel, their shoulders in another, and their heads in a third. The two other forms of capitalistic structure, the vertical amalgamation and the concern, do not present the same problem as the trusts and cartels. There is nothing necessarily monopolistic in their form or operation. Like the trusts and cartels, they represent the desire of management to ?run full?; they may also make for economies of continuous or related operation, and for a distribution of risks.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents. Introduction............................................................................................................5 Part I: The Nature And Origin Of Cartels............................................................29 Chapter I: Economic Federations, Associations And Companies.......................30 Chapter II: The Nature Of Cartels........................................................................37 Chapter III: The Origin Of Cartels.......................................................................46 Chapter IV: Scope Of The Cartels In Germany...................................................55 Chapter V: Forms Of Cartel Organization...........................................................63 Chapter VI: The Cartel Movement Outside Germany.........................................71 Chapter VII: General Character of Present-day Economic Struggles..................76 Part II: The Effects of The Cartels on Industry....................................................82 Chapter VIII: Effects on Firms Organized in Cartels...........................................83 Chapter IX: Effects on the Expansion of Organized Industries......................... 100 Chapter X: Effects Of The Cartels On Outside Producers.................................110 Chapter XI: Effects On The Workers.................................................................117 Chapter XII: Effects on Technical Progress and Rationalization in Industry. ... 125 Chapter XIII: The Most Important Cartels in the War and Post-War Periods. ................................................................................................................ 134 PART III: The Effects of The Cartels Upon the Consumer............................... 142 Chapter XIV: Effects Upon The Ultimate Consumer........................................143 Chapter XV: Effects Upon Subsequent Stages of Production...........................151 Chapter XVI: Particular Effects of Cheaper Sales For Export..........................159 Chapter XVII: Effects on the Merchants............................................................169 Chapter XVIII: Cartels and Trade Fluctuations.................................................184 Chapter XIX: International Cartels....................................................................191 Part IV: State Regulation Of The Cartels...........................................................209 Chapter XX: Legal Regulation Of The Cartels In Germany..............................210 Chapter XXI: Legal Regulation in Other Countries...........................................221 Chapter XXII: Measures Of Control..................................................................227 Chapter XXIII: Regulation of Exclusive Trading Contracts..............................236 Chapter XXIV: Possible Improvements in Cartel Law......................................245 Chapter XXV: Tariff Policy...............................................................................255 Chapter XXVI: State Encouragement of Cartels. Compulsory Cartels.............266 Part V: Concerns And Amalgamations..............................................................276


 

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