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The Journal of Chemical Physics : Spontaneous charging and crystallization of water droplets in oil

By Joost de Graaf, Jos Zwanikken, Markus Bier, Arjen Baarsma, Yasha Oloumi et al

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Book Id: WPLBN0002169517
Format Type: PDF eBook :
File Size: Serial Publication
Reproduction Date: 18 November 2008

Title: The Journal of Chemical Physics : Spontaneous charging and crystallization of water droplets in oil  
Author: Joost de Graaf, Jos Zwanikken, Markus Bier, Arjen Baarsma, Yasha Oloumi et al
Volume: Issue : November 2008
Language: English
Subject: Science, Physics, Natural Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), The Journal of Chemical Physics Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: American Institute of Physics

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Graaf, Jos Zwanikken, Markus Bier, Arjen Baarsma, Yasha Oloumi Et A, J. D. (n.d.). The Journal of Chemical Physics : Spontaneous charging and crystallization of water droplets in oil. Retrieved from http://community.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description: We study the spontaneous charging and the crystallization of spherical micron-sized water droplets dispersed in oil by numerically solving, within a Poisson–Boltzmann theory in the geometry of a spherical cell, for the density profiles of the cations and anions in the system. We take into account screening, ionic Born self-energy differences between oil and water, and partitioning of ions over the two media. We find that the surface charge density of the droplet as induced by the ion partitioning is significantly affected by the droplet curvature and by the finite density of the droplets. We also find that the salt concentration and the dielectric constant regime in which crystallization of the water droplets is predicted is enhanced substantially compared to results based on the planar oil-water interface, thereby improving quantitative agreement with recent experiments.

 

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